Animal Sacrifice in Ancient Greek Religion, Judaism, and by Maria-Zoe Petropoulou

By Maria-Zoe Petropoulou

During this research of the ritual of animal sacrifice in historic Greek faith, Judaism, and Christianity within the interval among a hundred BC and advert two hundred, Maria-Zoe Petropoulou explores the attitudes of early Christians in the direction of the realities of sacrifice within the Greek East and within the Jerusalem Temple (up to advert 70). opposite to different reports during this sector, she demonstrates that the method during which Christianity ultimately separated its personal cultic code from the powerful culture of animal sacrifice used to be a sluggish and hard one. Petropoulou areas targeted emphasis at the undeniable fact that Christians gave thoroughly new meanings to the time period `sacrifice'. She additionally explores the query why, if animal sacrifice was once of best significance within the jap Mediterranean at the moment, Christians should still eventually have rejected it.

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Extra info for Animal Sacrifice in Ancient Greek Religion, Judaism, and Christianity, 100 BC to AD 200 (Oxford Classical Monographs)

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342, n. 78, where the reader would expect the writers to keep their distance from the Nilssonian cliche´s contained in the pages cited. 78 Lane Fox (1986), 69, mainly 70–2. Approaching the Issue of SacriWce 25 fact that bloodless cult was not a new way of worship, starting in the Hellenistic period. He has correctly advocated the view in favour of which this book argues, namely that whenever animal sacriWce was not oVered, this was due more to Wnancial reasons than to moral hesitation. Unfortunately, his point is not accompanied by references proving it: ‘The bloodless alternative to sacriWce owed something to ease and economy, but nothing to growing scruples about shedding animals’ blood.

The section is a detailed description of all types of Greek oVerings. In his presentation, Stengel for the Wrst time distinguished between bloody and unbloody sacriWces, as he dealt separately with them. Contrary to Nilsson, who treated puriWcatory sacriWces separately on the grounds of their ritual peculiarity, to Stengel all sorts of oVerings, including sacriWces to chthonian deities, expiatory sacriWces, and human sacriWces, were included in the vast category of ‘sacriWce’. g. ŁýåØí; óöܪØÆ; ŒÆæðïFí).

Greek Animal SacriWce 33 The two diVerent ways of approaching Greek sacriWce, in itself and in relation to Christianity, constitute the axes of construction of this chapter, and render my presentation diVerent from other studies on Greek sacriWce. The diVerence does not consist in bringing new evidence to light, but in bringing into relief new elements in the evidence already known—or else in stressing things which are usually taken for granted. Preparing the reader to realize the cultic revolution Wnally brought about by the religious system of Christianity, where animal sacriWce did not constitute the focus of worship, I insist on the centrality of the unit ‘animal’ in Greek paganism.

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