AmIware: Hardware Technology Drivers of Ambient Intelligence by Satyen Mukherjee, Emile Aarts, Raf Roovers, Frans

By Satyen Mukherjee, Emile Aarts, Raf Roovers, Frans Widdershoven, Martin Ouwerkerk

Ambient Intelligence is likely one of the new paradigms within the improvement of knowledge and conversation know-how, which has attracted a lot consciousness over the last years. the purpose is the to combine know-how into humans surroundings in one of these means that it improves their day-by-day lives when it comes to health and wellbeing, creativity, and productiveness. Ambient Intelligence is a multidisciplinary notion, which seriously builds on a few basic breakthroughs which have been completed within the improvement of latest innovations during the last years. New insights in nano and micro electronics, packaging and interconnection know-how, large-area electronics, power scavenging units, instant sensors, low energy electronics and computing structures permit the belief of the heaven of ambient intelligence by way of overcoming the hell of physics. in accordance with contributions from best technical specialists, this ebook provides a few key themes on novel advancements, hence offering the reader an outstanding perception into the actual foundation of ambient intelligence. It additionally shows key learn demanding situations that needs to be addressed sooner or later.

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From the computational point of view, a power range of 10---1000 mW=cm2 would enable 1–100 k operations per second for the 0:18 mm CMOS technology node, neglecting leakage power. This would be just enough for low data rate sensor applications. Moore’s law type technology scaling would enable successively more complicated computing applications, such as audio processing. Unfortunately, devices optimized for high performance computing have a rather large leakage power, typically 0:01 mW per device.

20] Information about the MiPlaza cleanroom can be found at http://www. html. edu Abstract Successful deployment of wireless sensor and actuator networks in sufficient numbers to provide true ambient intelligence requires the confluence of several disciplines including networking, low power RF and digital IC design, MEMS techniques, energy scavenging, and packaging. Progress in each of these areas has been documented and proofof-concept prototypes have been tested. Research in RF transceiver design utilizing bulk acoustic wave resonators has yielded fully integrated, ultralow power transceivers.

Changing between these two modulation schemes can be accomplished with no receiver modifications, and can be performed dynamically in either the analog or digital baseband detection circuitry. 1–9). The (4 Â 4) mm2 CMOS die is wirebonded to the four-BAW resonator die: two for transmit and two to receive. 1–9. Low power two-channel transceiver implementation. 1 3 MHz bandwidth and close gain matching. The loaded Q of the BAW resonators in the receive chain is approximately 600. Receiver sensitivity for a 12 dB SNR was measured at À78 dBm up to 40 kbps.

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