By John Freely
Aladdin’s Lamp is the attention-grabbing tale of ways historic Greek philosophy and technology begun within the 6th century B.C. and, through the subsequent millennium, unfold around the Greco-Roman global, generating the amazing discoveries and theories of Thales, Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Archimedes, Galen, Ptolemy, and so forth. John Freely explains how, because the darkish a while shrouded Europe, students in medieval Baghdad translated the works of those Greek thinkers into Arabic, spreading their principles through the Islamic global from critical Asia to Spain, with many Muslim scientists, so much significantly Avicenna, Alhazen, and Averroës, including their very own interpretations to the philosophy and technological know-how they'd inherited. Freely is going directly to express how, starting within the 12th century, those texts via Islamic students have been then translated from Arabic into Latin, sparking the emergence of contemporary technology on the sunrise of the Renaissance, which climaxed within the clinical Revolution of the 17th century.
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Extra resources for Aladdin's Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the Islamic World
42 | Kail C. Ellis The Future of Israeli-Lebanese Relations Ehud Barak’s landslide win over Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in May 1999 was generally regarded as enhancing the prospects for the peace process and, by extension, the future of Lebanon and the region as a whole. Barak’s pledge to withdraw Israeli forces from southern Lebanon by July 2000, albeit with a rider that the withdrawal would come about “by agreement”—implying that an overall political understanding with Syria and Lebanon could be secured in the space of a few months—was greeted with cautious optimism in Lebanon.
During the 1950s and 1960s, new threats to Lebanon’s solidarity were spawned by republican, socialist, and nationalist ideologies, including Gamal Abdel Nasser’s revolution in Egypt. After the British-French attack on the Suez Canal in 1956, Nasser became not merely an Egyptian hero, but an Arab hero. Lebanese Muslims made a public statement in support of Arab nationalism, adorning their homes, public places, and vehicles with pictures of Nasser. They also began to think of themselves as secondclass citizens and demanded a new census, which they believed would indicate a Muslim majority in Lebanon.
Ibid. 8. Abdu1 Rahim Abu Husayn, “Duwayhi as a Historian of Ottoman Syria,” Bulletin of the Royal Institute of Inter-Faith Studies (Amman, Jordan) 1, no. 1 (Spring 1999): 11–22. 9. Hitti, The Near East in History, 454. 10. John P. Spagnolo, France and Ottoman Lebanon, 1861–1914 (London: Ithaca Press, 1977), 24. 11. , 41–47. 12. , 54–55. 13. David Hirst, “South Lebanon: The War that Never Ends,” Journal of Palestine Studies 28, no. 3 (Spring 1999): 6–9. 14. For further details, see Richard H. S.