By Peter K. J. Park
A ancient research of the exclusion of Africa and Asia from glossy histories of philosophy.
In this provocative historiography, Peter ok. J. Park offers a penetrating account of a very important interval within the improvement of philosophy as an instructional self-discipline. in the course of those a long time, a variety of eu philosophers prompted through Immanuel Kant started to formulate the historical past of philosophy as a march of growth from the Greeks to Kant—a family tree that supplanted present debts starting in Egypt or Western Asia and at a time while eu curiosity in Sanskrit and Persian literature used to be flourishing. now not with out debate, those traditions have been eventually deemed outdoor the scope of philosophy and relegated to the learn of faith. Park uncovers this debate and recounts the improvement of an exclusionary canon of philosophy within the many years of the past due eighteenth and early 19th centuries. To what volume used to be this exclusion of Africa and Asia as a result of the scientization of philosophy? To what volume used to be it due to the racism?
This e-book comprises the main vast description to be had anyplace of Joseph-Marie de Gérando’s Histoire comparée des systèmes de philosophie, Friedrich Schlegel’s lectures at the background of philosophy, Friedrich Ast’s and Thaddä Anselm Rixner’s systematic integration of Africa and Asia into the historical past of philosophy, and the controversy among G. W. F. Hegel and the theologian August Tholuck over “pantheism.”
“Africa, Asia, and the background of Philosophy is a great addition to a ignored region within the historical past of principles. Philosophy has lengthy suffered from exclusions that retain us from absolutely appreciating the contributions to our box from Africa and Asia. Park’s e-book uncovers a few of the assets of philosophy’s exclusionary practices. The ancient aspect is impressive.” — Elizabeth Millán, writer of Friedrich Schlegel and the Emergence of Romantic Philosophy
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Extra info for Africa, Asia, and the History of Philosophy. Racism in the Formation of the Philosophical Canon, 1780–1830
65 Heydenreich published an expanded version of his essay under a different title, Originalideen über die Kritische Philosophie (1793), which poses these questions: “Is there one philosophy? What is its essence? From when can one recount its existence? In what sense and to what extent can one call Kant the creator of philosophy? ”66 More boldly than in the earlier version, Heydenreich claimed that Kant’s Critical Philosophy provided a universally valid concept of philosophy. 68 For Heydenreich, the most conspicuous sign of the incomplete state of philosophy before Kant’s arrival was the absence of a universally valid concept of this science—a point that Reinhold had also made.
16 Early in the first volume of de Gérando’s work is a review of previous histories of philosophy. The French historian of philosophy singled out Brucker for a long review. ”19 De Gérando praised Brucker also for his research of medieval philosophy. It was equally important to enumerate the flaws of the Historia critica philosophiae. De Gérando thought that its presentation of barbarian philosophies was “inaccurate,” that too much attention was given to the minor circumstances of the lives of the philosophers, and that the causes both particular and general of the development of philosophy were neglected.
This universal history of letters would record the best and most important writers, books, schools, and other institutions of learning that have ever existed. 13 As Bacon had recommended, de Gérando composed a comparative history that established principles of relation, united effects to their causes, and determined the favorable and unfavorable circumstances for the advancement of social knowledge. For de Gérando, it was Bacon who clarified the importance of the history of philosophy. Thus, with respect to his aims, de Gérando falls squarely in the Baconian tradition, whose eighteenth-century anchor was Jacob Brucker.