By Elizabeth Martin, Robert Hine
This significant revision of A Dictionary of Biology, together with over 1,500 new entries, is the main updated biology dictionary to be had. together with 4,000 transparent and concise entries, it covers all of the mostly encountered phrases and ideas in biology, biophysics, and biochemistry, in addition to phrases from drugs and palaeontology taking into consideration the new advances in those fields. Conforming to the strategies of the Institute of Biology, either in its definition of phrases and procedure of category, this wonderful dictionary bargains authoritative insurance of present parts of research resembling molecular biology, genetics (including genetic engineering), and biotechnology, and new parts resembling foodstuff expertise, geomicrobiology, and glycobiology. it's the excellent reference resource for an individual attracted to this dynamic box.
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A person infected with HIV is described as HIV-positive; after the initial infection the virus can remain dormant for up to ten years before AIDS develops. air bladder See swim bladder. air pollution (atmospheric pollution) The release into the atmosphere of substances that cause a variety of harmful effects to the natural environment. Most air pollutants are gases that are released into the troposphere, which extends about 8 km above the surface of the earth. The burning of fossil fuels, for example in power stations, is a major source of air pollution as this process produces such gases as sulphur dioxide and carbon dioxide.
Allergen An antigen that provokes an *immune response. Common allergens include pollen and dust (see allergy). allergy A condition in which the body produces an abnormal *immune response to certain *antigens (called allergens), which include dust, pollen, certain foods and drugs, or fur. g. asthma or hay fever). This response is a type of *anaphylaxis. allochthonous Describing an organism that originates from a place Page 18 other than that in which it is found. The organism is usually a transient member of a community.
Acetylcholinesterase See cholinesterase. acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl CoA) A compound formed in the mitochondria when an acetyl group (CH3CO), derived from the breakdown of fats, proteins, or carbohydrates (via *glycolysis), combines with the thiol group (SH) of *coenzyme A. Acetyl CoA feeds into the energy generating *Kreb's cycle and also plays a role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids. achene A dry indehiscent fruit formed from a single carpel and containing a single seed. An example is the feathery achene of clematis.